Common Lichens of Wisconsin

2017. James P. Bennett
Wisconsin State Herbarium. 18 page color booklet featuring the 30 most common lichens among the approximately 800 species known from Wisconsin.  The booklet was written specifically for the non-scientist who wishes to learn more about these fascinating organisms.  Color photos and brief descriptions are organized into crustose, foliose, and fruticose forms.  The free booklet is available from WIS upon request, or may be downloaded here as a pdf: Common Lichens of WI 

Vanilla Orchids: Natural History and Cultivation

2011. Ken Cameron
Timber Press, 212 pp.  An overview of the history, biology, and cultivation of Vanilla, the natural source of the world's most popular flavor and fragrance.

Prairie Plants of the University of Wisconsin–Madison Arboretum

2007. Theodore S. Cochrane, Kandis Elliot, & Claudia S. Lipke

University of Wisconsin Press.  364 pages, including 1200 color photos, botanical illustrations, and maps.  A pioneer and leader in the preservation and restoration of native Midwest prairies since the 1930s, the UW–Madison Arboretum has a stellar collection of prairie plant species. This guide illustrates and describes more than 360 native and introduced species that grow and bloom on the Arboretum prairies. Its intent is to increase awareness and respect for remaining small prairie remnants, motivate readers to work for prairie preservation and restoration, and encourage the planting of native species in yards and gardens.

Order a copy at

Atlas of the Wisconsin Prairie and Savanna Flora

2006. Theodore S. Cochrane & Hugh H. Iltis

as WI Department of Natural Resources Tech. Bull. 191

Part I -INTRODUCTION (pp.1-47), APPENDICES and INDEX (pp.189-226) are available for free download here as a PDF file.

Part II - ATLAS (pp.48-188; maps & descriptions) is available in conjunction with the detailed species pages for each taxon in the Atlas via the WISFlora website or upon request.

Spring Woodland Wildflowers of the University of Wisconsin-Madison Arboretum

2004. Andrew L. Hipp

University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison , WI , 70 pp. This guide book is an introduction to the identification and natural history of 49 broad-leaved wildflowers and weeds that typically bloom in the Arboretum (Dane Co.) in April and May. Each species is illustrated by colored drawings or photographs.

Lichens of Wisconsin

2003. John W. Thomson

ISBN 0-9727393-0-0
This soft-cover, spiral bound book is the first published compendium of lichen species for Wisconsin. It provides keys, brief descriptions, and distribution maps for 615 lichens species in the state, with an additional 47 species listed as recently discovered state records. 386 pages, with 618 distribution maps and 2 additional figures.

  Contact the Herbarium to purchase: $ 22 + $4 shipping USA or $8 for Canada & overseas  

Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Wisconsin

2001. Mark A. Wetter, Theodore S. Cochrane, Merel R. Black, Hugh H. Ilits, & Paul E. Berry.

as Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources Technical Bull. No. 192: 1-258.


The Checklist provides an authoritative listing of all known native and introduced vascular plants that occur (self-reproducing) in Wisconsin outside of cultivation. It is based exclusively on herbarium specimens in established collections, which allows individual species records to be verified at any time. The checklist is divided into five sections: Ferns and Fern Allies (Pteridophytes), Gymnosperms, Dicotyledons (Magnoliopsida), Monocotyledons (Liliopsida) and Excluded Taxa.

      Please contact the Herbarium to purchase a copy of the book while supplies last

      or download a pdf copy here

Flora de Manantlán

1995.  J. Antonio Vazquez et al.

The splendid collections of teosinte and maize, the wild and cultivated members of Zea, merit special mention. The one and only authoritative taxonomic treatment (1980) of this, the world's third most important genus of food plants, was, in fact, authored by staff and students of the UW Herbarium. Furthermore, the joint University of Wisconsin-Universidad de Guadalajara teosinte expedition of 1978 to the state of Jalisco, Mexico, culminated in the sensational discovery of the primitive Z. diploperennis in the Sierra de Manantlán, which in turn led to the establishment of the 340,000-acre (141,000 ha) Sierra de Manantlán Biosphere Reserve. From 1978 to this day, cooperating botanists from the UW Herbarium and the Universidad de Guadalajara's Instituto Manantlán de Ecología have made there almost 30,000 numbered herbarium collections, which form the basis for the "Flora de Manantlán. Plantas Vasculares de la Reserva de la Blosfera Sierra de Manantlán, Jalisco-Colima, México," a bilingual book, published 'in 1995, that is the most authoritative floristic list of its kind in the world.

          Please contact the Herbarium to purchase a copy of the book 



Arévalo, R., K.Cameron & E. Christenson. 2013. Three new species of Ornithidium and Maxillaria (Maxillariinae) from Colombia: Recent discoveries from the Cordillera Occidental of the Colombian Andes. Orchids 82(1): 44–48.

Bennett, J. P. & M. E. Bartowiak. 2013. Three new species of Leptogium in WI. Evansia 30(2): 72-75.

Cochrane, T.S. 2012. “New species of Podandrogyne (Cleomaceae) I. Two species from western Colombia and eastern Panama ” (Brittonia 63:87--101);

Cochrane, T.S. 2012. “Studies in the Cleomaceae I. On the separate recognition of Capparaceae, Cleomaceae and Brassicaceae” (co-authored with H. H. Iltis, J. C. Hall, & K. J. Sytsma; Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 98: 28--36);

Cochrane, T.S. 2012. Capparaceae. Pp. 392--393 in: Idárraga, A., R. del C. Ortíz, R. Callejas & M. Merello, eds. Flora de Antioquia [, Colombia ]. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares. Vol. II. Listado de las Plantas Vasculares del Departamento de Antioquia. Programa Expedición Antioquia-2013. Series Biodiversidad y Recursos Naturales. Universidad de Antioquia, Missouri Botanical Garden & Oficina de Planeación Departamental de la Gobernación de Antioquia. Editorial D’Vinni, Bogotá , Colombia (co-authored with L. Sánchez); . Capparaceae. Pp. 392--393

Idárraga, A., R. T. S. Cochrane, 2012. Cleomaceae. Pp. 403--405 in: Idárraga, A., et al. (citation as above) (co-authored with L. Sánchez); . Cleomaceae. Pp. 403--405 Idárraga, A., et al. (citation as above) L. Sánchez);

Cochrane, T.S. 2012. “Preliminary flora of Meridian Park State Natural Area (No. 544), Door County, Wisconsin” (co-authored with J. Henry & T. L. Eddy; Wisconsin Flora, newsletter of the Botanical Club of Wisconsin, May: 2–3 [article based on a report submitted at the same time to the Wisconsin DNR , BER]); . “Preliminary flora of Meridian Park State Natural Area (No. 544), Door County, Wisconsin” (co-authored with J. Henry & T. L. Eddy; Wisconsin Flora, newsletter of the Botanical Club of Wisconsin, May: 2–3 [article based on a report submitted at the same time to the Wisconsin  ]

Iltis, H.H., J.G. González-G., T.S. Cochrane & A.Vázquez-G. 2012. A new species and a new subspecies of Salvia (Lamiaceae) from Jalisco and Michoacán, Mexico. Brittonia 64(4): 343-352.

Li, P., Z. Qi, S. Chen, K. Cameron, & C.-X. Fu. 2011.  Smilax ligneoriparia sp. nov., a link between herbaceous and woody Smilax (Smilacaceae) based on morphology, chromosome and molecular data.  Taxon 60:1104-1112.

Perez, R.E.P & T. H. Nash, III. 2010. The genus Canoparmelia in Mexico. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 105: 225-238.



Field Guide to Wisconsin Grasses

Field Guide to Wisconsin Streams: Plants, Fishes, Invertebrates, Amphibians, and Reptiles                               

2014. by Michael A. Miller, Katie Songer, & Ron Dolen
Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press

From bubbling spring-fed headwaters to quiet, marshy creeks and tannin-stained northern reaches, Wisconsin is home to 84,000 miles of streams. This guide is the ultimate companion for learning about the animals and plants in Wisconsin streams. A collaborative effort by dozens of biologists and ecologists, Field Guide toWisconsin Streams is accessible to anglers, teachers and students, amateur naturalists, and experienced scientists alike.
More than 1,000 images illustrate the species in this field guide. These images are augmented by detailed ecological and taxonomic notes, descriptions of look-alike species, and distribution maps.


Common Mosses of the Northeast and Appalachians

2013. by Karl B McKnight, Joseph R. Rohrer (UW-Eau Clair), Kirsten McKnight Ward, &   Warren J. Perdrizet
Publisher: Princeton Field Guides

This is the first book to help general readers recognize 200 common mosses of the Northeast and the Appalachian Mountains. With just this field guide, a hand lens, and a spray bottle--no microscopes necessary--readers will be able to identify and name many of the common species of mosses growing in the region's backyards, parks, forests, wetlands, and mountains. At the heart of this guide is an innovative, color-tabbed system that helps readers pick out small groups of similar species. Illustrated identification keys, colorful habitat and leaf photos, more than 600 detailed line drawings, and written descriptions help differentiate the species. This accessible book allows all nature enthusiasts to make accurate identifications and gain access to the enchanting world of mosses.


Wildflowers of Wisconsin and the Great Lakes Region: A Comprehensive Field Guide

2009. Merel Black and Emmet J. Judziewicz

Paperback: 320 pages

Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press; 2 edition (February 13, 2009)

ISBN-13: 978-0299230548

Product Dimensions: 6 x 0.5 x 9 inches


Describing more than 1,100 species, this is a comprehensive guide to wildflowers in Wisconsin and parts of Minnesota, Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, and Ontario. A new introduction to this second edition discusses wildflowers in the context of their natural communities. Packed with detailed information, this field guide is compact enough to be handy for outdoors lovers of all kinds, from novice naturalists to professional botanists.

Field Guide to Wisconsin Sedges: An Introduction to the Genus Carex (Cyperaceae)

2008. Andrew L. Hipp

Paperback: 280 pages

Publisher: University of Wisconsin Press; 1 edition (February 6, 2008)

ISBN-13: 978-0299225940

Product Dimensions: 0.6 x 6.2 x 8.8 inches


Sedges are among the world’s most diverse and ecologically important plant families, with almost two hundred species in Wisconsin alone. These grass-like plants, found mostly in wetlands, are increasingly popular with landscapers and home gardeners. Learning to identify sedges is challenging, however, and the available technical guides to the sedge family can be overwhelming to a nonspecialist. Field Guide to Wisconsin Sedges is a beautifully illustrated introduction to the largest sedge genus, Carex, which alone makes up about 7 percent of the flora of the upper Midwest.


Written primarily for naturalists, wild plant enthusiasts, and native landscapers, this book is unique in its accessible format and illustrations. With this book, readers can learn to recognize key structures needed to identify approximately 150 Carex species found in Wisconsin. Author Andrew Hipp shows how to identify many of the major groupings of sedges that are used in guides to the genus throughout the world.


Field Guide to Wisconsin Sedges includes information on habitat and range drawn from Hipp’s extensive field experience and inspection of thousands of herbarium sheets. Primarily an identification guide, the book is also a valuable source of habitat information for landscapers, gardeners, and restorationists.



Lavoie, C. 2013. Biological collections in an ever changing world: Herbaria as tools for biogeographical and environmental studies. Perspectives in Plant Ecol, Evol, and Syst 15: 68– 76.

Larkin, DJ. 2012. Lengths and correlates of lag phases in upper-Midwest plant invasions. Biological Invasions 14:827–838.


prairie book



 flora de